Eine Genealogie sorgender Sicherheit: Sorgeregime von der Antike bis zum Anthropozän

Andreas Folkers


This article proposes an alternative genealogy of security by exploring the
nexus of security and care from antiquity to the present. In Greek and Roman
antiquity, securitas – literally ‚carefree’ – designated a state of inner
peace. With the rise of Christianity, pastoral power introduced a new regime
of securing care. The pastoral care for the soul is supposed to secure
salvation, whereas Christian Caritas established new forms of care for
those in need (Fürsorge). Modern biopolitical dispositives of security continued
this tradition of care for others with the means of modern welfarism.
Security dispositives organized new forms of social care
(Sozialfürsorge) and became increasingly concerned with the security of
supply (Versorgungssicherheit) of vital infrastructural services. Since the
second half of the twentieth century, a new form of care for the environment
has emerged. The precautionary principle (Vorsorgeprinzip) seeks
to prevent irreversible environmental change, whereas new environmental
disposal and remediation practices (Entsorgung) cope with the residuals
of industrial modernity. The genealogy shows the wide variety and historical
flexibility of forms of security care. Conceptually the paper argues that,
in contrast to sovereign and statist security technologies like the police and
the military, securing care represents a positive, yet nevertheless problematic
form of security. This provides new insights for a critique of security.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.6094/behemoth.2020.13.2.1044